What Higher Mortgage Rates Mean In The Real World
As we pointed out here, the impact on both 'real' housing affordability of surging mortgage rates is extremely significant for the so-called 'housing recovery' but as Charles Hugh-Smith notes, there is a more insidious (inflation-like) effect (aside from the consumer-confidence sapping one we described here). Rising mortgage rates reduce household purchasing power just like higher taxes and inflation. That means there is less household income to spend on other things, and that's not good for "growth."
Via Charles Hugh-Smith of OfTwoMinds blog,
Rising mortgage rates reduce household purchasing power just like higher taxes and inflation.
Mortgage rates have jumped significantly in the past few weeks, from 3.50% at the beginning of May to the current rate of 4.875% for conventional Fannie Mae mortgages.
These are the two rates quoted by a mortgage broker in Mish's recent post on rising mortgage rates.
Here is the repayment summary for both rates courtesy of mortgagecalculator.org:
I plugged in these parameters, basing them on the average cost of a new home and a mid-range property tax rate:
$360,000 home value, $300,000 mortgage, annual property tax rate of 1%, interest rate of 3.50%:
Monthly Payment: $1,647.13
Total of 360 Payments: $592,968.26
Total Interest Paid: $181,968.26
Total Tax Paid: $108,000.00
Interest rate of 4.875%: This is an increase of 1.375%, which represents a 39% increase over the initial rate of 3.50%.
Monthly Payment: $1,887.62
Total of 360 Payments: $679,544.88
Total Interest Paid: $271,544.88
Total Tax Paid: $108,000.00
The monthly payment rose by $240.49, or 14.6%. While unwelcome, that in itself doesn't seem like much.
But look at the lifetime cost increase: $86,576, all extra interest of course.
This relatively modest increase in mortgage rates to a still low by historical metrics 4.875% will reduce the purchasing power of the household by $240. Over time, $86,000 in additional interest payments will be transferred from the household to the lender/ owner of the mortgage.
We are constantly told inflation is near-zero, but a decline in purchasing power is equivalent to inflation. If one's labor buys fewer goods and services, then saying inflation doesn't exist is merely a semantic victory.
In other words, the $240 reduction in the household purchasing power due to rising rates has the exact same effect as inflation that reduced the household's monthly income by $240/month.
For context, here is a chart of mortgage debt. The total debt has declined for a number of reasons, including writedowns due to defaults and foreclosures and the decline in housing prices, which reduced the size of new mortgages:
Over time, rates on the roughly 48 million outstanding mortgages in the U.S. will rise. There are still millions of adjustable rate mortgages out there, often second mortgages or home-equity lines of credit (HELOCs). Those will start ticking higher in the months ahead.
$240 a month ($2,880 a year) may not seem like much, but multiply that by a million, and then by many millions, and the number starts becoming consequential: that money is no longer available for consumption or investment. Rising mortgage rates reduce household purchasing power just like higher taxes and inflation. That means there is less household income to spend on other things, and that's not good for "growth."