The Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia has released the coincident indexes for the 50 states for August 2023. Over the
past three months, the indexes increased in 40 states, decreased in eight states, and remained stable in two, for a three-month
diffusion index of 64. Additionally, in the past month, the indexes increased in 30 states, decreased in 13 states, and
remained stable in seven, for a one-month diffusion index of 34. For comparison purposes, the Philadelphia Fed has also
developed a similar coincident index for the entire United States. The Philadelphia Fed’s U.S. index increased 0.6 percent
over the past three months and 0.1 percent in August.
Note: These are coincident indexes constructed from state employment data. An explanation from the Philly Fed:
The coincident indexes combine four state-level indicators to summarize current economic conditions in a single statistic. The four state-level variables in each coincident index are nonfarm payroll employment, average hours worked in manufacturing by production workers, the unemployment rate, and wage and salary disbursements deflated by the consumer price index (U.S. city average). The trend for each state’s index is set to the trend of its gross domestic product (GDP), so long-term growth in the state’s index matches long-term growth in its GDP.
Here is a map of the three-month change in the Philly Fed state coincident indicators. This map was all red during the worst of the Pandemic and also at the worst of the Great Recession.
The map is mostly positive on a three-month basis.
Source: Philly Fed.
In August, 33 states had increasing activity including minor increases.